Assessing a Currency Substitution Persistency in the Western Balkan Region

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Mehmed Ganić Alina Dizdarević Agim Mamuti

Abstract

The study aims to examine the euroization phenomenon in seven Western Balkan countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, Serbia and Macedonia) between 2000 and 2015 and a number of –specific challenges faced by the region. More precisely, the paper analyzes the impact of the latest global financial crisis on the extent of currency substitution persistency by exploring the trends before, in wake of the financial crisis, and after the financial crisis. The study employed several indicators as a proxy variable for measuring of the overall level of currency substitution or euroization and cross country analysis in selected countries (liability euroization,
credit euroization and deposit euroization and asset substitution- overall euroization index). Finally, the study found that deposit euroisation, credit euroization, and liabilities euroization in seven Western Balkan countries is still high with relatively high degree of heterogeneity. In some countries of the Western Balkan region the process of euroisation was further intensified in spite of the consequences of the latest global financial crises, while in the other ones the crisis years were marked by the trend of de-euroisation. In overall, this study does not find any significant evidence on significantly increases or decreases in currency substitution at the region sub-samples. Finally,
Student t-test results indicate that there is no significant difference in means of before, in wake and after the financial crises at level of Western Balkan region.

Article Details

How to Cite
GANIĆ, Mehmed; DIZDAREVIĆ, Alina; MAMUTI, Agim. Assessing a Currency Substitution Persistency in the Western Balkan Region. Economic Analysis, [S.l.], v. 50, n. 3-4, p. 43-54, dec. 2017. ISSN 2560-3949. Available at: <http://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/ea/article/view/550>. Date accessed: 17 aug. 2018.
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