In Search for RIS3 for the Republic of Serbia: Challenges Between Theory and Reality

Main Article Content

Đuro Kutlača


Objectives of this paper are exploration of the challenges of use of methodology for creation of smart specialization strategy (S3) in Serbia. S3 is focused on use of knowledge for economic development. Major challenges of implementation of S3 in Serbia are weak links between R&D sector and economy, and undeveloped culture of dialogue for adoption and realization of S3 priorities. In this paper are presented key challenges authors of S3 in Serbia are faced with in very first trial of introduction of S3 methodology in country. Paper is organized in four main parts. First part is (critical) description of the main concepts of methodology for creation of S3. The concept of S3 is a tool for realization of the strategy of the European development through "integrated industrial policy for the globalization era" and "Innovation Union". Second part will present implication of implementation of S3 in Serbia, i.e. conditions for use of one theoretical concept in reality of economy and society in Serbia. Third part is discussion of results of implementation of S3 in Serbia achieved so far (process is not finished at the moment of writing of this article, mid 2018), analysing challenges between proposed methodology and real situation in country. Fourth part is addressed to further steps in implementation of S3 in Serbia, with particular attention to the aspects of dialogue which should be organized between involved stakeholders in order to achieve consensus for adoption and realization of S3 priorities in Serbia.

Article Details



Edquist, C., and Johnson, B., (1997). "Institutions and Organizations in Systems of Innovation", in Edqust, C. (ed.), "Systems of Innovation", London, Pinter
European Commission (2010). Regional Policy Contributing to Smart Growth in Europe 2020, COM (2010) 553 final.
European Commission (2017). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee, the Committee of the Regions and the European Investment Bank ‘Investing in a smart, innovative and sustainable Industry - A renewed EU Industrial Policy Strategy’. Brussels, 13.9.2017, COM(2017) 479 final.
Foray, D., David, P.A. & Hall, B. (2009). Smart Specialisation – The Concept. Knowledge Economists Policy Brief no. 9, Knowledge for Growth Expert Group.
JRC and IWB (2017). Smart Specialisation & Organisational Development: Roadmap 2017-2018 for the pilot project with Serbia. Internal working document
Kroll, H., Schnabl, E., & Horvat, D. (2017). Mapping of economic, innovative and scientific potential in Serbia. Karlsruhe: Fraunhofer ISI.
Kutlača, Đ., Semenčenko, D., Nedović, V., (2016). Smart specialization in Serbia – Challenges for governance of research and innovation, 23th scientific conference Technology, culture and development, proceedings, Tivat, Montenegro, Association “Technology and culture”, ISBN 978-86-915151-3-7, COBISS.SR-ID 230384908, pp. 7-21
Foray, D. (2009). Measuring smart specialization: entrepreneurial discovery, new activities and inclusiveness, Smart Specialisation – The Concept. Knowledge Economists Policy Brief 9, June 2009
Hofstede G. & Hofstede G.J. (2005). Cultures and Organizations. McGraw-Hill
S3 Platform (2012). Guide to Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation (RIS3). Retrieved from:
Semencenko, D., Kutlaca, Dj., (2018). Shaping National Innovation System in Small, Transitional Economy – Case of Serbia. Publisher: University of Belgrade, Institute "Mihajlo Pupin" - Science and technology Policy Research Centre. pages: 186. Belgrade
Stefanovic-Sestic S. & Kutlaca Dj. (2014). Harmonization of the STI statistics in Serbia with EU standards, Proceedings of the XXI scientific conference ''Technology, Culture, Development', Tivat, Montenegro, pp. 212-219.
Zeleny, M. (1976). The Theory of the Displaced Ideal. In Zeleny, M., (ed), Multiple Criteria Decision Making, Berlin-Kyoto, Springer-Verlag, pp.153-206