About the Journal
FOCUS AND SCOPE
Journal Women's Entrepreneurship and Education (JWEE) is dedicated to fostering research, analysis and study about women entrepreneurship and education. We value articles with the aim to encourage and empower women in the economic development of rural, urban and other areas. The Journal accepts papers written by young researches, PhD students in order to involve them in academic publishing of articles related to the study of women entrepreneurship and education. We encourage both the women from developed and developing countries to contribute to our journal. The papers should be focused on the following research areas and disciplines:
- History of the field
- Women economic empowerment
- The economic impact of women’s entrepreneurship
- Linking gender equality, employment and development
- Women entrepreneurs in the informal economy
- International setting (countries, international comparisons)
- Public policy issues
- Entrepreneurial motivations as determinants of women entrepreneurship
- Founding strategies
- Initial capital resources
- Entrepreneurial competencies of women entrepreneurs
- Personal attributes of women entrepreneurs
- Obstacles inhibiting female entrepreneurship
- Women's Leadership in Small and Medium Enterprises
- Gender differences in leadership effectiveness
- Female nascent entrepreneurs
- Networks (family and social)
- Women and business communication style
- Information and communication technologies for women entrepreneurs
- Female entrepreneurship education and experience
- Training and capacity-building programmes
- The effectiveness of training programmes for women entrepreneurship
HISTORY OF THE JOURNAL
JWEE is formed and established in 2008, by professor Mirjana Radović Marković, PhD. Institute of Economic Sciences publishes journal since 2009 which is the first journal in a country that has a focus on gender aspects of entrepreneurship.
Journal is on the list of five most influential journals in this field.
It's on a Reference list of journals, formed by Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development since 2011. From that moment, the journal has progressed twice and now has a category M52.
The authors who submit their manuscripts to be published in JWEE should NOT claim or submit the academic work of another as one’s own.
We agree with the definition of plagiarism as stated below:
“Plagiarism is copying another person’s text or ideas and passing the copied material as your work. …You must both delineate (i.e., separate and identify) the copied text from your text and give credit to (i.e., cite the source) the source of the copied text to avoid accusations of plagiarism. Plagiarism is considered fraud and has potentially harsh consequences including loss of job, loss of reputation, and the assignation of reduced or failing grade in a course.
This definition of plagiarism applies for copied text and ideas:
- regardless of the source of the copied text or idea;
- regardless of whether the author(s) of the text or idea which you have copied actually copied that text or idea from another source;
- regardless of whether or not the authorship of the text or idea which you copy is known;
- regardless of the nature of your text (journal paper/article, webpage, book chapter, paper submitted for a college course, etc.) into which you copy the text or idea;
- regardless of whether or not the author of the source of the copied material permits for the material to be copied; and
- regardless of whether you are or are not the author of the source of the copied text or idea (self-plagiarism).
Quoted from “Plagiarism: What It Is and How to Avoid It”, Peter Cobbett, PhD, August 2016
Submitted manuscripts that fall under the definition of plagiarism will not be considered for publishing.
OPEN ACCESS POLICY
JWEE is an Open Access Journal. All articles can be downloaded free of charge and used in accordance with the license that is published below each published article.
This journal provides immediate Open Access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.
JWEE encourage readers, authors and librarians to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow wider readership to use them for any other lawful purpose.
The journal does not charge any fees at submission, reviewing, and production.
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.
Authors should contact contributors and check if they have additional privacy requirements.
Author is obliged to identify the sources of sponsored research and financial support. Sponsored content must be clearly identified to readers as sponsored. Supporting and sponsoring agencies must be clearly stated.
A manuscript should contain sufficient details and references to enable reviewers and, subsequently, readers to verify the claims presented therein. Intentional presentation of false claims represents a violation of ethical standards. Authors are exclusively responsible for the contents of their submitted manuscripts and, if necessary, they must have obtained permission from all the persons or institutions directly involved in the research presented in the manuscripts. Authors wishing to include in their articles the illustrations, tables or other materials that have been already published elsewhere, are required to obtain permission from the copyright holders. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Authors are required to list as authors only the persons who have significantly contributed to the content of the manuscript, i.e. they shall list all the persons who have significantly contributed to the content of the manuscript as authors. If persons other than the authors were involved in the significant aspects of the research project and the manuscript preparation, their contribution should be mentioned in a footnote or the acknowledgement section.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF SOURCES
Authors are required to properly cite sources that have significantly influenced the content of their research and their manuscript. Information received in a private conversation or correspondence with third parties while reviewing project applications, manuscripts and similar materials, must not be used without explicit written consent of the information source.
Authors should disclose in their manuscripts any financial or any other conflicts of interest that might have influenced the presented results or their interpretations.
What Represents a Competing Interest?
A competing interest is anything that interferes with or could reasonably be perceived as interfering with, the full and objective presentation, peer review, editorial decision-making, or publication of research or non-research articles submitted to JWEE.
Competing interests can be financial or non-financial, professional, or personal. Competing interests can arise in relation to an organisation or another person.
Declaring all potential competing interests is a requirement at JWEE and is integral to the transparent reporting of research.
Failure to declare competing interests can result in immediate rejection of a manuscript. If an undisclosed competing interest comes to light after publication, JWEE will take action following COPE guidelines and issue a public notification to the community.
Financial competing interests
Financial competing interests include but are not limited to:
- Ownership of stocks or shares
- Paid employment or consultancy
- Board membership
- Patent applications (pending or actual), including individual applications or those belonging to the institution to which the authors are affiliated and from which the authors may benefit
- Research grants (from any source, restricted or unrestricted)
- Travel grants and honoraria for speaking or participation at meetings
Non-financial competing interests
Non-financial competing interests include but are not limited to:
- Acting as an expert witness
- Membership in a government or other advisory board
- Relationship (paid or unpaid) with organisations and funding bodies including nongovernmental organisations, research institutions, or charities
- Membership of lobbying or advocacy organisations
- Writing or consulting for an educational company
- Personal relationships (i.e. friend, spouse, family member, current or previous mentor, adversary) with individuals involved in the submission or evaluation of a paper, such as authors, reviewers, editors, or members of the editorial board of a JWEE journal
- Personal convictions (political, religious, ideological, or other) related to a paper's topic that might interfere with an unbiased publication process (at the stage of authorship, peer review, editorial decision-making, or publication
Note: competing interests statement quoted from PLOS.
ERRORS IN PUBLISHED ARTICLES
When an author discovers a significant error in his/her published article, it is his/her obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with them to retract or correct the article. By submitting their manuscripts to the editorial staff of the journal, the authors agree to abide by the responsibilities listed above.
Reviewers shall timely deliver to the editor a competent, well-argumented and unbiased evaluation of the scientific value of the manuscript. The reviewers assess the manuscript for the compliance with the profile of the journal, the relevance of the investigated topic and applied methods, the originality and scientific relevance of information presented in the manuscript, the scientific presentation style and scholarly apparatus. Reviewers should notify the editor of any reasonable doubts or the knowledge of violations of ethical standards by the authors. The reviewers should recognise relevant published works that have not been cited by the authors. They should also alert the editor to substantial similarities between a reviewed manuscript and any manuscript published or reviewed for publication by any other journal, in the event, they have personal knowledge thereof. Reviewers should also alert the editor if the same manuscript is submitted to several journals at the same time, in the event, they have personal knowledge thereof.
The Reviewers must not have a conflict of interest with authors or the research funder. If such conflicts exist, the reviewers must report them to the Editor without delay.
Any reviewer who feels incompetent for the topic or field of the manuscript should notify the editor thereof without delay.
Reviews must be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is deemed inappropriate. The reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments. Manuscripts received for review must be deemed as confidential documents. The reviewers must not use unpublished material from submitted manuscripts without the explicit written consent of their authors, and the information and ideas presented in the submitted manuscripts must be kept confidential and must not be used for personal gain.
The submitted manuscripts are subject to a review process. The purpose of the review is to assist the editor in deciding whether a manuscript should be accepted or not and to improve the quality of the manuscripts through the communication with their authors.
Reviews are anonymous.
The reviewer must finish his review within ten days as from the date the manuscript has been received. If prevented to finish his job within the given period, the reviewer must notify the editor-in-chief without delay.
Reviews are free of charge.
The choice of reviewers is at the editor’s discretion. The reviewers must have relevant knowledge about the subject area of the manuscript, and they must not be from the author’s institution, and they should not have recent joint publications with any of the authors (as co-authors) of the manuscript. During the review process, the editor may request from the author to provide supplementary information (including raw data), if such information is necessary for making a judgment on the scientific contribution (merit) of the manuscript. The editor and reviewer will keep such information as confidential and will not use it for personal gain.
The editorial board shall ensure the quality control for the review. In case authors have serious and grounded objections to a review, the editorial board shall l check whether the review is objective and whether it meets academic standards. In case of any doubt concerning the objectivity or quality of the review, the editor will seek opinions of other reviewers.
PROCEDURES FOR DEALING WITH UNETHICAL BEHAVIOUR
Any individual or institution may at any time inform the editor and/or editorial staff of suspected unethical behaviour or any manuscript by providing the necessary information/evidence.
The investigation regarding presented statements and evidence.
The editor-in-chief shall in agreement with the editorial board decide to initiate the investigation procedure. During such an investigation procedure, any evidence will be considered confidential and will only be presented to those persons directly involved in the procedure. The persons suspected to have violated ethical standards will be given an opportunity to respond to any charges made against them. If it is established that misconducts have occurred, it will be assessed whether they should be classified as minor or major violations of ethical standards.
Situations characterised as a minor violation will be dealt directly with the persons who have committed the violation, without involving any third parties, for example: by notifying the author/reviewer that a minor violation has occurred as a result of misunderstanding or misapplication of academic standards; a letter of warming to the author /reviewer who has committed a minor violation.
Major violation of ethical standards
The editor-in-chief should make decisions related to major violations of ethical standards in cooperation with the editorial board and, if necessary, with a small group of experts. The measures to be undertaken may be the following (and they may be implemented separately or jointly):
- publication of an announcement or editorial describing the case of violation of ethical standards;
- sending a formal letter to the author’s/reviewer’s managers or employers;
- retraction of the published article following the procedure described under the Retraction Policy;
- a ban on submissions from the authors for a defined period;
- referring a case to a professional organisation or competent authorities for further action
When dealing with unethical behaviour, the editorial board of the journal will rely on the guidelines and recommendations provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics – COPE.
Violation of the rights of publishers, copyright holders or authors, violation of professional ethical codes, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data as well as all other cases of significant violation of ethical standards require retraction of a published article. Occasionally an already published article may be retracted to correct subsequently detected errors. The main reason for withdrawal or retraction is to correct the mistake while preserving the integrity of science; it is not to punish the author.
Libraries and scientific bodies have developed the standards for dealing with retractions, and this practice has also been adopted by International Journal “Advanced Quality“. The retracted article is kept in its original form, with a watermark on the PDF indicating on each page that the article has been retracted (RETRACTED).
The journals allow authors to deposit the final paper in PDF format in an institutional repository and/or non-commercial subject-based repositories, or to publish them on their personal websites (including social networking sites, such as ResearchGate, Academia.edu, etc.) and/or on the website of the institution in which they are employed, one year following the publication in the journal. Thereby they must state the primary bibliographic data on the article published in the journal (authors, article title, journal title, year, volume, pagination).
Once the manuscript is accepted for publication, authors shall transfer the copyright to the publisher. If the submitted manuscript is not accepted for printing by the journal, the authors shall retain all their rights. The following rights on the manuscript are transferred to the publisher, including any supplementary materials and any parts, extracts or elements of the manuscript:
- the right to reproduce and distribute the manuscript in printed form, including print-on-demand;
- the right to print prepublications, reprints and special editions of the manuscript;
- the right to translate the manuscript into other languages;
- the right to reproduce the manuscript using photomechanical or similar means including, but not limited to photocopy, and the right to distribute these copies;
- the right to reproduce and distribute the manuscript electronically or optically using and all data carriers or storage media, and especially in machine-readable/digitalized form on data carriers such as hard drive, CD-ROM, DVD, Blu-ray Disc (BD), MiniDisc, data tapes, and the right to reproduce and distribute the article via these data carriers;
- the right to store the manuscript in databases, including online databases, as well as the right to transmit the manuscript in all technical systems and modes;
- the right to make the manuscript available to the public or closed user groups on individual demand, for use on monitors or other readers (including e-books), and in printable form for the user, either via the Internet, online service or via internal or external networks.
Authors reserve the copyright to published articles and have the right to use the article in the same manner like third parties following the licence Attribution-Non-Commercial-Non-Derivate 4.0 International (CC BY). Thereby they must quote the necessary bibliographic data of the source article published in the journal (authors, article title, journal title, volume, pagination).
The views expressed in the published works do not express the views of the editor and members of the editorial board. Authors assume their legal and moral responsibility for the ideas expressed in their articles. The publisher will not be held responsible should there be any claims for compensation.
PUBLICATION ETHICS AND PUBLICATION MALPRACTICE STATEMENT
The ethical policy of JWEE is based on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines and complies with IR codes of conduct.
1. Duties and Responsibilities of Authors
- Submitted manuscript must be the original work of the author(s);
- The only unpublished manuscript should be submitted;
- It is unethical to submit a manuscript to more than one journal concurrently;
- Any conflict of interest must be clearly stated;
- Acknowledge the sources of data used in the development of the manuscript;
- The submitting (corresponding) author is responsible for ensuring that all the other coauthors have approved the manuscript article's publication;
- All authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes
2. Submission Declaration
Submission of an article implies that:
The work described is authentic and valid and that neither this manuscript nor one with considerably similar content under this authorship has been published or is being considered for publication elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or another language, without the written consent the copyright holder.
3. Duties and Responsibilities of Reviewers
- The Reviewers of the journal should assist the Editors in deciding for publishing the submitted manuscripts;
- The Reviewers should maintain the confidentiality of manuscripts, which they are invited to review;
- The Reviewers should provide comments in time that will help editors to make a decision on the submitted manuscript to be published or not;
- The Reviewers comments against each invited manuscript should be technical, professional and objective;
- The Reviewers should disclose and try to avoid any conflict of interest.
4. Duties and Responsibilities of Editors
Editors of JWEE must confirm the following:
- That all manuscript is evaluated in fairness based on the intellectual content of the paper regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, religion, citizenry nor political values of authors;
- The Editorial Board takes responsibility for making publication decisions for submitted manuscript based on the reviewer’s evaluation of the manuscript, policies of the journal editorial board and legal restraint acting against plagiarism, libel and copyright infringement;
- Preserve the anonymity of reviewers.
5. Publishing ethics issues
- Monitoring/safeguarding publishing ethics by editorial board;
- Guidelines for retracting articles;
- Maintain the integrity of the academic record;
- Preclude business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards;
- Always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.
5.1. Plagiarism detection
Plagiarism occurs when someone presents the work of others (data, text, or theories) as if it was his/her own without proper acknowledgement. To help discover potential misconduct in the form of plagiarism or duplicate/redundant at the submission stage, JWEE is using similarity ("plagiarism") detection software.
5.2. Duplicate submission/publication and redundant publication
Translations of articles without proper permission or notification and resubmission of previously published Open Access articles are considered duplications.
5.3. Citation Manipulation
Citation Manipulation is including excessive citations, in the submitted manuscript, that do not contribute to the scholarly content of the article and have been included solely to increase citations to a given author’s work, or articles published in a particular journal. This leads to misrepresenting the importance of the specific work and journal in which it appears and is thus a form of scientific misconduct.
6. Violation of Publication Ethics
Sanctions: If there are documented violations, the following sanctions will be applied:
- Immediate rejection of the infringing manuscript,
- Immediate rejection of every other manuscript submitted to the journal published by any of the authors of the infringing manuscript,
- Prohibition will be imposed for a minimum of 36 months against all of the authors for any new submissions to the journal, either individually or in combination with other authors of the infringing manuscript.
JWEE is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.
The JWEE does not have any article processing and/or publication fees.
ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING
JWEE is indexed in EconLit-American Economic Association, RePEc, ECONBIZ, DOAJ, PECOB and ROAD.
JWEE journal is included in LOCKSS and CLOCKSS archival systems.
SUPPORT TO PERSONS WITH DISABILITY
Authors, librarians and readers with temporary or continuous disability are encouraged to contact us for assistance if they experience any technical difficulty while interacting with our journal. The assistance to persons with disability will be given free of charge.