JWEE 2018-12-12T13:16:44+00:00 Dejana Pavlović Open Journal Systems <p>Since 2009, <span style="color: #f87217;"><strong>Journal of Women's Entrepreneurship and Education (JWEE)</strong></span> has been published twice a year in printed and electronic version in English. Considering main topics such as employment, unemployment, the informal sector of economy, the quality of the business environment, social and women's entrepreneurship, green economy, quality and mobility of knowledge, new modalities of education and knowledge transfer, etc., as well as participation of authors from more than 20 countries, it has fully justified its international significance and reputation.</p> <p>Since 2010, JWEE has been indexed within the international databases <strong>EconLit-American Economic Association, RePEc, ECONBIZ, DOAJ, PECOB</strong> and<strong> ROAD</strong>. Since 2013, it has been listed within the reference list of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of Serbia (code M52).</p> <p>Chief Editor is Acad. Prof. Dr Mirjana Radović-Marković, being also creator and the founder of the journal.</p> <p><em>Frequency:</em> 2 issues in the year.</p> Notes from the Editor-in-Chief 2018-06-29T09:43:14+00:00 Mirjana Radović-Marković 2018-06-29T09:16:38+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## How Does State and Local Government Support Affect Entrepreneurs’ Gender, Age and Race? 2018-12-12T13:16:43+00:00 HALIL DINCER KAYA <p><em>In this study, we test whether state and local government support attract female entrepreneurs. We also test to see whether government support attracts younger entrepreneurs and minorities. First, we differentiate between the U.S. states where state government support is high and the U.S. states where state government support is low. Then, we compare small business owners’ gender, age, and race across high- and low-state government support states. We find that there is no significant difference in owners’ gender across high- and low-state government support states. However, our results show that, in the states where state government support is high, there are more young entrepreneurs (age25-34) and fewer middle-aged entrepreneurs (age45-54) when compared to the other states. Our results also show that, in these states, there are fewer Asian or Hispanic entrepreneurs when compared to the other states. When we differentiate between the states where local government support is high and the states where local government support is low, we find that there is no significant difference in owners’ gender or age across high- and low-local government support states. However, our results show that, in the states where the local government support is high, there are more white entrepreneurs and fewer Asian or Hispanic entrepreneurs.</em></p> 2018-06-29T09:03:38+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Employment Women Through Entrepreneurship Development and Education in Developing Countries 2018-12-12T13:16:44+00:00 Mirjana Radović-Marković Priscilla Achakpa <p>Women entrepreneurship is today one of the major factors contributing to a country’s prosperity and to the global market in general. However, females still own and manage significantly fewer businesses than men. Especially, women in developing countries face disadvantages and discrimination. Compared to their male counterparts, women in developing countries have a lower level of education and skill training. Another important challenge for female entrepreneurs in developing countries is the issue of safety and protection of women, especially those operating in the informal economy. The most female entrepreneurs in developing economies are motivated to start their businesses out of necessity, reflecting lack of employment alternatives or dissatisfaction with existing employment. The overall nature and extent to which female entrepreneurship can develop in developing economies is greatly influenced by project to strengthening them. In line with this, the aim of our research was to explore the impact of one of these programmes -GWIN project and its effect to empowering women in Nigeria. Based on the findings, it was concluded that GWiN project plays a significant role in the economic development of women in Nigeria through the benefits of various supports to them.</p> 2018-06-29T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## An Institutional Approach to Female Entrepreneurship in Nigeria 2018-12-12T13:16:42+00:00 Ann Terngu Makar Vandefan <p>With the increase in population and unemployment rates globally, especially in developing countries like Nigeria, the government of most nationals is unable to provide adequate jobs for their teeming population. This study is to ascertain the Institutional Approach to Female entrepreneurship in Nigeria.&nbsp; There are about 37,067,416 micro businesses and 36,994,578 Small and 4,670 Medium Scale businesses respectively in Nigeria (SMEDAN 2010, SMEDAN 2013 &amp; SMEDAN 2015). Female entrepreneurs accounted for ownership of 43.32% of Microenterprises and 22.75% of Small and Medium enterprises respectively (NEPZA 2013). Yet there is no clear Institutional Approach to Female Entrepreneurship in Nigeria. The focus of this article is to explain the reasons for the lack of institutional approach and proffer ways to developing same. &nbsp;This is imperative in order to develop institutional frameworks for providing effective support for female entrepreneurs</p> 2018-06-29T09:10:44+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Female Students 2018-12-12T13:16:43+00:00 Mark W. Pruett Harun Şeşen J.R.M. Pandian Greg Winter <p><em>We have conducted the first-ever study of female and male Afghan university students about entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship education. &nbsp;Students at this new university in Afghanistan provided data on their intentions, entrepreneurial disposition, perceptions about the university role, and their beliefs about barriers and motives to entrepreneurship.&nbsp; </em></p> <p><em>On the one hand, we find significant differences between women and men in disposition and intentions, with women having lower levels of disposition and intentions.&nbsp; On the other hand, the two groups display remarkably similar views of the importance of numerous entrepreneurship motives and barriers.&nbsp;&nbsp; They also feel the same about the positive university support of their entrepreneurship interests.&nbsp; </em></p> <p><em>In other words, although young Afghan women and men appear to feel different about themselves and their plans, they hold relatively similar views on the reasons for entrepreneurship, the impediments to entrepreneurship, and the potential of university education and support to foster entrepreneurship in both sexes</em><em>.</em></p> 2018-06-29T08:59:48+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Assessment of Digital Skills in Serbia with Focus on Gender Gap 2018-12-12T13:16:41+00:00 Aleksandra Bradić-Martinović Jelena Banović <p>The world is constantly changing creating a new environment. One of the main factors in this process is the Digital Transformation which requires adjustment of skills, institutions, processes and business models. The European Commission started to cope with this topic in last twenty years and today their activities are according to the “Europe 2020 Strategy.” Enhancement of digital skills is one of the priority. Serbia also makes an effort in this area and policymakers already adopted several documents and policies. The main issue is a lack of scientific research that cover the subject – ex ante and ex-post analysis of adopted policies. We consider this subject very important having in mind that the digital skills become one of the basic element for the national growth and competitiveness. This paper presents findings on the existing level of digital skills of the workforce in Serbia, with focus on the gender gap. Findings are based on a standardized survey conducted during September 2017, within the pilot study research. Results show that the level of digital skills is Serbia is lagging behind the EU average and that the level of digital skills of Serbian women is lower than men.</p> 2018-06-29T09:33:05+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Training Intentions and Skills Needs in the Private Sector Companies in Serbia 2018-12-12T13:16:41+00:00 Kosovka Ognjenović <p>This paper provides an analysis of the private sector companies’ training intentions and an assessment of the occupational and skills needs in the Serbian labour market. A substantial part of the analysis was carried out using the Employers Survey data as well as data from other relevant sources. The main results of this analysis indicated the net employment growth. A rising demand was primarily revealed in the occupational classes encompassing services, craft and related trade workers, followed by professionals and skilled blue colour workers ranked as the second and third ones. A significant deficit was identified in the group of occupation-specific skills and wider competencies. The companies’ training intentions signalled to the permanent need for the enhancement of present and future employees’ skills. Some shortcomings of the available data sources are emphasized, and directions for future research are proposed.</p> 2018-06-29T09:12:52+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##