JWEE https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee <p>Since 2009, <span style="color: #f87217;"><strong>Journal of Women's Entrepreneurship and Education (JWEE)</strong></span> has been published twice a year in printed and electronic version in English. Considering main topics such as employment, unemployment, the informal sector of economy, the quality of the business environment, social and women's entrepreneurship, green economy, quality and mobility of knowledge, new modalities of education and knowledge transfer, etc., as well as participation of authors from more than 20 countries, it has fully justified its international significance and reputation.</p> <p>Since 2010, JWEE has been indexed within the international databases <strong>EconLit-American Economic Association, RePEc, ECONBIZ, DOAJ</strong> and<strong> ROAD</strong>. Since 2013, it has been listed within the reference list of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of Serbia (code M52).</p> <p>Chief Editor is Acad. Prof. Dr Mirjana Radović-Marković, being also creator and the founder of the journal.</p> <p><em>Frequency:</em> 2 issues in the year.</p> <h3><a href="https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/about/editorialTeam">Editorial team</a></h3> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US <p>Once the manuscript is accepted for publication, authors shall transfer the copyright to the publisher. If the submitted manuscript is not accepted for printing by the journal, the authors shall retain all their rights. The following rights on the manuscript are transferred to the publisher, including any supplementary materials and any parts, extracts or elements of the manuscript:</p> <ul> <li>the right to reproduce and distribute the manuscript in printed form, including print-on-demand;</li> <li>the right to print prepublications, reprints and special editions of the manuscript;</li> <li>the right to translate the manuscript into other languages;</li> <li>the right to reproduce the manuscript using photomechanical or similar means including, but not limited to photocopy, and the right to distribute these copies;</li> <li>the right to reproduce and distribute the manuscript electronically or optically using and all data carriers or storage media, and especially in machine readable/digitalized form on data carriers such as hard drive, CD-ROM, DVD, Blu-ray Disc (BD), Mini Disc, data tapes, and the right to reproduce and distribute the article via these data carriers;</li> <li>the right to store the manuscript in databases, including online databases, as well as the right to transmit the manuscript in all technical systems and modes;</li> <li>the right to make the manuscript available to the public or to closed user groups on individual demand, for use on monitors or other readers (including e-books), and in printable form for the user, either via the Internet, online service, or via internal or external networks.</li> </ul> <p>Authors reserve the copyright to published articles and have the right to use the article in the same manner like third parties in accordance with the licence <strong>Attribution-Non-Commercial-Non-Derivate 4.0 International (CC BY)</strong>. Thereby they must quote the basic bibliographic data of the source article published in the journal (authors, article title, journal title, volume, pagination).</p> jweoffice@ien.bg.ac.rs (Dejana Pavlović) srdjan.jurlina@ien.bg.ac.rs (Srđan Jurlina) Mon, 28 Dec 2020 12:07:30 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Notes from editor https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1317 Mirjana Radović-Marković ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1317 Mon, 28 Dec 2020 11:02:44 +0000 Note of Guest Editor https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1318 Radka Čopková ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1318 Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Handling Injustice - Are Women Too Sensitive? https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1306 <p>At time of COVID-19 pandemic, not only isolation and loneliness were increasing, but injustice was increasing, as well. Scholars argue, workplace is quite unjust toward women in general suggesting salary, benefits, little value to their voice, career growth and it shows COVID-19 pandemic exacerbates injustice at work moreover. The aim of the contribution was to analyze the character of relationship between women's sensitivity to injustice, emotions, employment sector and coping with injustice at work during COVID-19. 208 women with the average age of 26.08 years (SD = 7.39) answered the questions measuring sensitivity to injustice by Justice Sensitivity Inventory (Schmitt et al., 2010), emotions by Positive Affect Scale and Negative Affect Scale (Džuka &amp; Dalbert, in Džuka, 2019) and coping by Brief COPE (Carver, 1997). The results showed that women were sensitive to injustice at work (M = 4.49; SD = .89), felt anger mostly (M = 4.35; SD = 1.31) and used adaptive coping strategies more than maladaptive coping strategies (t<sub>(207)</sub> = 15.47, p &lt; .001). The analysis of character of relationship between selected variables showed that negative affect and employment sector were predictors of coping with injustice at work. Specific results are part of the contribution.</p> Denisa Rovenská ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1306 Mon, 28 Dec 2020 11:12:37 +0000 Women Entrepreneurship in the Time of COVID-19 Pandemic https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1309 <p><em>The crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 had a great impact on the business activities of the women entrepreneurs. Pandemic protection measures taken to reduce health risks as well as the introduction of restrictive measures have influenced the changes in the scope, manner and organization of business in most small and medium enterprises, including those (co) owned and managed by women. Considering that the previous researches showed that women bore the greatest burden of this crisis, the aim of the study was to gain insight into the effects of the pandemic on women's businesses as well as balancing between business and family responsibilities of women entrepreneurs in the changed circumstances. The research was conducted through an online survey on a sample of 93 respondents. The results showed that 76% of women-owned companies were negatively affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and that women replaced the lack of hours spent at work with work at home and care of family members.</em></p> Nikola Vasilić, Sanja Popović-Pantić, Dušica Semenčenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1309 Mon, 28 Dec 2020 11:14:00 +0000 The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemics on Schools: https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1303 <p>The world-wide COVID-19 pandemic situation has had a significant impact on the everyday work of organizations, including private educational institutions. In the proposed study, the authors focus on how a private school providing pre-primary, primary, and secondary education has faced the biggest challenges of these times - 1) in compliance with its mission, to provide children and youth with high quality education regardless the circumstances; 2) to take advantage of the situation, i.e. to find the best possible alternatives and so, be one step ahead of its competitors; and 3) as being partially dependent on school fees, not to lose paying customers. After a thorough consideration of alternatives, the school – as one of few in Slovakia – opted for offering the whole educational program online only several days after all schools were closed in the country.</p> <p>The purpose of the study is to provide an example of good practice for other – not only woman-owned – organizations and to support the real efficiency of the applied approach by relevant data. The authors of the study carried out a questionnaire survey with the school’s students, the students’ parents, and the whole teaching staff, focusing on their overall satisfaction with the realized online education, their experiences and opinions, as well as their attitudes towards e-learning in secondary schools in general. The questionnaire survey was a part of a larger research focusing on distance learning strategies applied during school closures in Slovakia. In the study, topic relevant research findings are presented, which indicate that the pandemics has not had a negative impact on this particular educational institution and this woman-owned business has even found new opportunities for its future work.</p> Silvia Barnová ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1303 Mon, 28 Dec 2020 11:46:44 +0000 Work-related Stressors of Female Teachers During Covid-19 School Closure https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1304 <p>In Slovakia, the Covid-19 pandemic lockdown in the educational sector lasted for three months and caused unexpected changes with demands on pupils and their parents, students and teachers. The global school closure at all educational levels occurred suddenly and caught the school system and its actors unprepared. Teachers were forced to quickly adapt to the “new” work approach with minimal and/or confusing directions. Female teachers who predominate at primary schools in Slovakia, around 90%, faced even greater challenge and experienced stress, as many of them simultaneously took care of their own children and households. The aim of the presented paper is an examination of stress level that primary school female teachers experienced during the schools´ lockdown period. Two measures of stress were used: Teacher stressor questionnaire (Clipa, Boghean, 2015) and the Perceived stress scale (Cohen, Kamarck &amp; Mermelstein, 1983). Additionally, an open question was added to learn about the teachers´ subjective perception of work pressure caused by the lockdown. The research sample consisted of 103 female primary school teachers (47 at the first primary education stage, 56 at the second primary education stage). Data were collected online in April 2020, with teachers being invited to participate via teachers´ online forums.</p> Alexander Loziak, Denisa Fedáková, Radka Čopková ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1304 Mon, 28 Dec 2020 11:47:54 +0000 Analysis of Students' Approach to the Study of Informatics During Pandemic Quarantine https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1307 <p>The COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent quarantine measures to stop its spread in particular states have significantly affected the educational process at all levels of the educational system. Almost instantly, teachers and students were forced to change their common practices in education, access to information and its sharing, including our educational institution. Although the Learning Management System (LMS) Moodle was previously actively used in the educational process of our course, in order to streamline studies in state of emergency, it was necessary to change the approach in its environment. It was required to implement and actively use multiple tools of LMS which have not been used before and to change the rules of implementation and evaluation of the students. Our course is dedicated to the informatics for the students of the economic studies. In Slovakia, still persists the general opinion that information and communication technologies (ICT) should be the domain of men, because of its technical background, although there is a gradual improvement in the view of women in the field of ICT. Given the above facts, it was interesting to investigate, how this awareness of the need for active use of ICT and its knowledge will reflect in students’ activity during the studying of the subject. Therefore, during the pandemic quarantine, the activity of our students was monitored and their opinions and feelings were compared between the genders. The paper will show the description of the implementation and adjustment of the educational process during the pandemic quarantine and the subsequent evaluation of the data obtained from different perspectives, especially focusing on the different approaches of both genders in the study.</p> Dana Paľová, Miroslava Nyulasziová, Martin Vejačka ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1307 Mon, 28 Dec 2020 11:49:26 +0000 eHealth Skills of Female Entrepreneurs in Serbia https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1321 <p>This paper's main objective is to assess the current level of eHealth skills of female entrepreneurs in Serbia and their respective associations with selected socio-demographic characteristics. To this end, we use a dataset from the 2018 survey on ICT usage in Serbia. In particular, the analysis covers three eHealth skills: seeking health-related information online, scheduling medical appointments online or via applications, and online purchase of pharmaceutical products. The analysis shows that female entrepreneurs in Serbia, on average utilized eHealth opportunities more frequently than other women or male entrepreneurs. Level of education and average monthly income appears as the socio-demographic characteristics associated with eHealth skills related to familiarity with online services.</p> Aleksandra Bradić-Martinović, Aleksandar Zdravković, Tatjana Mišić ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1321 Mon, 28 Dec 2020 11:50:31 +0000 ‘Women Power’ in Renewable Energy https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1229 <p>Conventional myths such as the poor are misfit to manage smart technologies or women-led rural enterprises generally fall through faster than men have since been broken as evidenced by various empirical studies. In the context of solar energy enterprises managed by women particularly in rural or peri-urban areas are much understudied, however, the impact of such women-led entrepreneurial energy-based start-ups has significant personal, social and community level consequential impact. A range of institutional arrangements that support these entrepreneurs starting from identifying, training to building and sustaining of such start-ups are highlighted in this paper. Not only do women collectively run these enterprises but they also help incubate others in their business model. The context of solar energy in rural communities has become all the more important for both a practitioner as well as a theoretical understanding of women entrepreneurship. This research deploys a qualitative method approach that uses both primary and secondary data; this is then put through a lens of systematic thematic analysis for a deeper discussion. The work concludes with an objective to contribute to policy discussions as well as build an empirical knowledge of how women-led solar technology-based enterprises are built, managed, sustained and scaled in rural areas.</p> Boidurjo Mukhopadhyay ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1229 Mon, 28 Dec 2020 11:51:59 +0000 Relevance of Innovation on Survival of Women-owned Business in Nigeria https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1271 <p><em>The paradigm shift of women involvement in entrepreneurial activities in developing countries has been a source of concern to organizational psychologies and researchers. Women owned businesses form a larger percentage of small businesses in Nigeria in recent times but the continuity and survival of such enterprises posed serious challenge. Most women owned businesses hardly survive beyond few years of incorporation. Thus, this paper examined the influence of innovation on the survival of women owned businesses. Specific objectives are to; determine the effect of product/service innovati</em><em>on on the market share; and examine the effect of process innovation on business reputation. A survey research design was adopted. Multi-stage sampling was employed in deriving the sample size. Structured questionnaire was used to elicit information from the women business owners in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. Regression analysis was used to analyze the data and it was found that</em><em>; product/services innovation has effect on the market share with R<sup>2 </sup>value of 0.541 and process innovation influences business reputation with R<sup>2</sup> value of 0.517. Hence, it was concluded that innovative behaviour has significant effect on the survival of women owned business since all of the variables used in the study are statistically significant. It was therefore recommended among others that innovative behaviour is required by entrepreneurs so has to be able to adapt, grow and survive in their dynamic business environment.</em></p> Olushola Joshua Omolekan, Busayo Alli ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1271 Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Low-Income Women Entrepreneurs and Household Sustainability in Badagry; A Border Community in Lagos, Nigeria https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1267 <p><em>Traditionally, the contribution of women to household sustainability was limited to the reproduction, raising of children and carrying out domestic chores, while men solely take up the financial burdens. Due to changes in the family institution, gender-based roles were becoming blurred as couples tend to share both domestic and economic responsibilities. Although, many studies have been done on women entrepreneurs, there is dearth of empirical research among the low-income ones in border communities. This study, therefore, was designed to examine how low-income women entrepreneurs sustain their households and trades in Badagry area of Lagos State, Nigeria. Gender Role Ideology provided theoretical orientation, while the descriptive design was adopted using both qualitative and quantitative methods of research. Agbalata market was purposely chosen owing to its size and commercial activities involving both local and cross border women traders. Two hundred and fifty women were selected for the survey, while twenty were selected for in-depth interviews. Quantitative data were analysed using SPSS, while interviews were content analysed. However, most women engaged in trade to support their household economically which affected the expansion of their business negatively. Majority of the older women engaged in trades to cater for their grandchildren. Family size was a determinant of the sustainability of the business. The study recommends that governmental intervention in terms of loan provision is essential to the survival of low-income women traders in border communities. </em></p> Bolawale Abayomi Odunaike, Olarenwaju Emmanuel Ajiboye ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1267 Mon, 28 Dec 2020 11:54:25 +0000 Women, Entrepreneurship and Education: Descriptive Bibliometric Analysis Based on SCOPUS Database https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1290 <p><em>Descriptive bibliometric analysis seeks to present the characteristics of published scientific papers that examine the phenomena of "women", "entrepreneurship" and "education". Using standard bibliographic and bibliometrics indicators, the specifics of publications from the point of publishing dynamics, belonging to different scientific areas, characteristics of a publication source, individual or joint authorship, geographical distribution, published content and citation metrics are presented. The research results rely on analytical tools provided by Scopus and BibExcel, while a Wordcloud text generator was used to create some of the graphical presentations. A total of 330 papers dated in the period from 1976 to 2020, were published in a total of 198 journals indexed in the SCOPUS database. Created as a result of individual research work or in collaboration with 811 different authors, the content of these works falls into one of 22 categories of research areas. The observed papers were cited by 4976 other documents indexed in the Scopus database.</em> <em>This study should be considered as a systematization of articles published in eminent scientific journals and should motivate other authors to conduct further researches in the field of bibliometrics.</em></p> Teodora Slavinski, Marija Todorović, Valentina Vukmirović, Alessandra Maria Montenegro ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1290 Mon, 28 Dec 2020 11:55:48 +0000 Dejan M. Radulović’s book https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1305 <p>Book review:</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;Dejan M. Radulović, WOMEN IN ATHENS AND SPARTA - Legal, economic and social position of women, HERAedu, Belgrade, 2019. </strong></p> Mirjana M Radović-Marković (Journal manager); Borislav Djukanović ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/jwee/article/view/1305 Mon, 28 Dec 2020 11:57:58 +0000